Environment

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Asbestos dump
Asbestos dump at city refuse transfer station. Asbestos was a common building material before its fibres were identified as a severe health hazard. In the late 80's an estimated 12,000 people died a year in the US alone, from Asbestosis and Cancers, and one manufacturer faced 100,000 law suits. Now disposal causes problems. C116.4s
Crates of plastic bottles await recycling 
Crates of plastic bottles await recycling at a municipal waste transfer station (Redcliffe, Queensland, Australia). Over 3/4 of all plastics are disposed of after a single use, but recycling can save resources. 1 ton of resmelted aluminium saves 4t of bauxite, .7t of coal and 35kg of air polluting aluminium flouride. C93.13s
Motor car being converted into scrap metal 
Motor car being converted into scrap metal, which could be recycled to contribute a small amount to a sustainable world, arresting the tide of human resource use and waste in a world of increasing human consumption. Steel produced from scap saves 2/3 of the energy used in smelting. C93.3s
Stormwater outfall onto beach  Stormwater drain pipe empties onto popular beach at Broadbeach, Gold Coast, SE Qld, Australia, bringing with the water potential pollution from urban runoff. This beach is a multi-million dollar national asset, and tourism relies on the maintenance of a clean environment. C93.10s
Fish kill in drying wetland Stranded fish on a drying floodplain wetland, Murrumbidgee River, Australia. When temporary wetlands dry, fish either aestivate, retreat to connected permanent waterholes, or are stranded, as here, but still contribute to the nutrient cycle. s50-3s  crushed cars 
Flat motor cars being recycled into scrap metal, helping to reduce human resource use. Steel produced from scap saves 2/3 of the energy used in smelting iron ore. C93.1s
newspaper stockpile 
Newspaper stockpile at a recycling depot associated with a city refuse transfer station (SE Queensland, Australia). Recycling has saved resources and reduces the volume of refuse in landfills. Some recycling has established viable industries but stockpiles of garden mulch and waste paper are mounting as recycling costs have not remained competative in an unsubsidised market. C106.6s
Abandoned mining machinery and waste land 
Abandoned mining machinery and waste land in a worked out area of the Anakie/Sapphire gemfields in Central Queensland, Australia. The mining industry, being involved in extraction of a non-renewable resource, is increasingly having to address, and bear the cost of, land rehabilitation in worked out areas.6x6cm CQ20.1e
Scrap metal at refuse station 
Wildlife gets squeezed out before the tide of human resource use and waste in a world of increasing human consumption. Scrap metal piling up at a landfill, Australia, could be recycled to contribute a small amount to a sustainable world with room for all to live. C92.9s
polluted beach 
Stormwater drain pipe empties onto popular beach on the Gold Coast, SE Qld, Australia, bringing with the water, pollution from urban runoff - making part of the beach unfit for use. This beach is a multi-million dollar national asset, and tourism relies on the maintenance of a clean environment. C97.23s
 Sediment runoff control at construction site 
Cheap and nasty sediment control at a construction site beside a sensitive estuarine wetland, Baffle Ceek,Queensland, Australia, using straw bales as "filters". Environmental management plans routinely contain strict procedures to stop muddy runoff waters leaving construction sites and polluting waterways, but state of the art requirements are often flaunted.6x4.5cm CQ23.3e
Oil slick on a road 
Oil slick on a highway refracts light as it spreads into a menacing slick bound for local waterways. Catchment management recognises that we all live in a catchment and that everything in the catchment eventually flows downstream, including pollutants which degrade river and estuary ecosystems. CQ36.4s
 
School students study their environment during a water watch course looking at their local waterway and its aquatic life. Environmental awareness among the young is the world's best chance of a sustainable, healthy future. CQ47.17s
Testing for water quality 
Testing groundwater for water quality at a prospective water supply site. The blue water indicates high aluminium content. Water quality is a precious natural resource often compromised by unwise environmental management. CQ51.13s
Waterwatch students at fieldwork 
School students study a local waterway and its aquatic life during a community Water Watch course. Environmental awareness among the young is the world's best chance of a sustainable, healthy future. CQ47.16s
Tree planting for streambank stabilisation by Landcare volunteer 
Revegetation planting by young Landcare and Catchment Management volunteer on the bank of Baffle Creek, Queensland, Australia. Streambank stabilisation is one of the many uses of vegetation restoration after construction or erosion, and controls sedimentation of nearby waterways. Landcare and Integrated Catchment Management are widespread community-based natural resource management movements which recognise the need for increased stewardship of the land. CQ39.11s
 
Municipal waste tranfer station provides for recycling and restricts inappropriate waste disposal, reflecting a new awareness by community and local governments of their responsibility to environmental management. CQ28.2s
Dumping overburden into Ok Tedi catchment, Papua Niugini 
Dumping mine overburden directly into river catchment, Ok Tedi heavy metal mine, Papua New Guinea causes environmental damage, human disadvantage downstream on Ok Tedi, Fly Rivers, as has catchment disturbance in other tropical lands. I78.6s
Silted and dead Ok Tedi River, Niugini 
Sediment laden Ok Tedi River downstream of Ok Tedi heavy metal mine, Papua New Guinea which earns foreign exchange for developing PNG, but has also caused environmental damage, human disadvantage downstream on Ok Tedi, Fly Rivers. I77.15s
Overburden dump, Ok Tedi mine, Niugini 
Dumping mine overburden directly into river catchment, Ok Tedi heavy metal mine, Papua New Guinea. Mineral rich ore for smelting, Ok Tedi has earned foreign exchange for developing PNG, but has also caused environmental damage and human disadvantage downstream on Ok Tedi, Fly Rivers, as has catchment disturbance in other tropical lands. I77.17s
Sediment from wet season floods out to sea, Kalimantan coast 
Sediment-rich coastal runoff water carries the wet-season load of hundreds of swollen streams and rivers out to meet clear ocean water several kilometres off the coast of West Kalimantan, Borneo. I71.22s
Tambak or aquaculture grow-out pond, Java 
Artificial fish/prawn ponds or 'tambak' replace mangrove wetlands, coastal West Java, Indonesia. Brackish water in wet season produces fish/ prawns, evaporation in dry season produces salt. Often local people are not industry's beneficiaries.Aquaculture worldwide has environmental problems of effluent and disease. I66.13s
High density urban high rise, Singapore city-state 
High density housing in the crowded city-state of Singapore, SE Asia. Human populations continue to increase, taxing the earth's natural resources and ecosystem to meet expectations of ever-increasing standards of living. I19.21s
Outfall pipes flow to the sea 
Outfall flowing into tidal waters, Boyne River estuary, Gladstone, Central Queensland. A major industrial node, Gladstone is also adjacent to the Great Barrier Reef and has nearby significant coastal environments which need to be protected from pollution, which is closely monitored by industry, government and community groups. CQ50.22s

Environment continued (page 2)

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